Origins of the Swiatlo Broadcasts on RFE
The paper depicts the origins of broadcasts with Josef Swiatlo, a senior Polish secret police official, who defected to the West in December 1953. His revelations of terror within as well as by the Polish secret police and Communist Party led to a shakeup of the secret police apparatus and helped prepare the way for the Polish October in 1956. The paper by A. Ross Johnson is a expanded text of remarks presented at the Conference “Radio Wolna Europa w walce z komunizmem” [Radio Free Europe in struggle with communism], which was held in Warsaw, November 6-7, 2009, in connection with the celebrations of the 20th Anniversary of the Regaining of Freedom and Collapse of Communism in Central Europe. read